A better decision is one that is both a ‘just’ decision and one that turns out to be ‘correct’ in the long run. For a decision to be ‘just’, it is not only the outcome that must be seen to be fair but so too must the process by which the decision is made.
Critical to the achievement of a ‘just’ process and a better decision is therefore appropriate stakeholder involvement.
Also, new techniques are being developed, including Multi-Criteria Analysis (MCA) which, when appropriately applied, could lead to improved stakeholder involvement in decision making.
Penning-Rowsell, E.C., Priest, S., Parker, D., Morris, J., Tunstall, S. Viavattene, C., Chatterton, J.B., and Owen, D. (2013) Flood and Coastal Erosion Risk Management: A Manual for Economic Appraisal. London: Routledge.